PreventiveLawsuit

Saturday, February 11, 2006

TRANSLATION OF "10.23 DIRECTIVE" or "10.23 TSU-TATSU"

The documents below are our private translation of 10.23 Directive, the written directive issued by the Tokyo Board of Education on October 23, 2003 and the guidelines attached to it. They were handed out to all the principals of Tokyo Metropolitan schools, who were summoned to the principals’ meeting on that day.

October 23, 2003

To Principals of Tokyo Metropolitan high schools and
Principals of Tokyo Metropolitan schools for the handicapped,
Superintendent of Schools
Yokoyama Yokichi

With regard to the practice of hoisting the national flag and singing the national anthem at entrance, graduation and other ceremonies (Directive)

Tokyo Board of Education has directed each school to practice entrance and graduation ceremonies appropriately based on the course of study, in order to lead the pupils and the students to have the correct understanding of the national flag and the anthem, and to pay respect to those symbols.
As a result, hoisting the flag and the singing of the anthem has been practiced at all the Metropolitan schools since the graduation ceremonies of 2001. The actual conditions of the practice have been, however, full of problems. Each school should try to improve and better the practice of the hoisting the flag and singing the anthem.
Accordingly, we direct each school to practice the hoisting of the flag and singing of the anthem appropriately at entrance, graduation and other ceremonies as follows.


  1. To practice entrance, graduation and other ceremonies appropriately based on the course of study.
  2. To follow exactly the attached “guideline concerning the hoisting of the national flag and the singing of the national anthem at entrance, graduation and other ceremonies”
  3. To make it known to all the teachers and other staffs that if they should fail to obey the orders by the principal, they are to be reprimanded.



The attached is the guideline concerning the hoisting of the national flag and the singing of the national anthem at entrance, graduation and other ceremonies.

1. The Hoisting of the National Flag

The national flag should be treated as follows at entrance, graduation and other ceremonies.
  1. The flag should be hoisted in the front, on the wall of the stage.
  2. The Metropolitan flag should be hoisted along with the national flag.: the national flag on the left, the Metropolitan flag right.
  3. When the national flag is hoisted outside, it should be on the pole, gate or front entrance etc, so that pupils, students, custodians and visitors can acknowledge that it is hoisted.
  4. It should be hoisted from the opening time of school till the closing time.

2. The Singing of the National Anthem

The national flag should be treated as follows at entrance, graduation and other ceremonies
  1. The phrase “Singing of the national anthem” should be printed in the program of the ceremony.
  2. The master of the ceremony should announce, “The singing of the national anthem,” and ask all the attendance to stand up.
  3. The teachers and staff should stand facing the national flag and sing the anthem at their seats assigned beforehand.
  4. The singing should be accompanied by the piano.

3. Setup of the Ceremony Venue

The ceremony venue should be arranged as follows;
  1. When the graduation ceremony is held in the gymnasium, a podium should be placed on the stage, and diplomas should be given to the pupils or students there.
  2. When the graduation ceremony is held at other places, a podium should be placed in the front of the place, and diplomas should be given to the pupils or students there.
  3. The ceremony venue should be arranged so that the pupils and the students are seated facing the front.
  4. The teachers and staff should be dressed appropriately to suit the solemn and purifying atmosphere of the ceremony.